Septic tanks are underground drainage or wastewater treatment systems. They are essential installations for all houses and are applied for treating and disposing off domestic wastewater into the main sewerage system. A septic system, just as all other utility wares, needs to undergo regular maintenance to enable it operate smoothly. Pumping these septic pumps in timely manner is among the most important actions of maintenance for these septic tanks.

 

wastewater treatment systems

 

Treating Wastewater

Septic tanks are usually composed of concrete and fibreglass in certain cases. They can be viewed as waterproof boxes that allow for leakage of wastewater. Each tank has a point of entry and exit, with the ports being attached to proper sewer pipelines. Wastewater enters into septic tank via an underground sewer pipe and undergoes wastewater treatment, detoxification and cleansing inside the tank. The detoxified water then gets released into the underground water table. The entire tank-content gets emptied out during the pumping operation. This process thus eliminates contaminated waste material stored within the tank. A pack of bacteria is introduced into the septic pipes to facilitate their multiplication inside the tank. This ends up decomposing the waste particles in organic manner. The tank should not be laced with any bleach or strong chemicals as they would kill bacteria present within it. Such an action would cause damage to the entire septic system.

Pumping Frequency

The frequency of pumping a septic tank depends upon size of the tank, with the average kind needing to be pumped every period of two years. A 1000 gallon tank should be cleaned once every three years at least. It is also necessary calculating the number of people present at home to establish the proportion of wastewater flowing in daily. Calling in wastewater treatment specialists annually for pumping is highly commendable for tanks that fill up fast with vast concentrates of wastewater.

Avoiding Blockage of Septic Tanks

Similarly, one must avoid flushing particles of waste water carrying oily and fatty foodstuffs. They have the potential of hampering wastewater treatment systems. Solid food wastes can lead to blockage of septic pipe lines. As well, no plastic waste should be disposed into the drains. It would again occasion severe blockage as these are considered to be non-degradable substances. Disposal of plastic into the sewage system is a harmful practice to the environment because it interferes with the natural water cycle through blockage.

Each septic tank has a specified amount of wastewater. You should ensure that it does not exceed this limit. Different techniques for water conservation techniques have been introduced now to cut down on wastewater-production. Modern toilets get designed in a manner that consumes less water, mostly while flushing. Manufacturers of wastewater treatment plants offer water meters that assist in measuring the water-level consumed. Be prepared to reduce your usage of water on washing and running baths if your sewage tank reaches its maximum capacity. Conserving water promotes overall protection of the environment, apart from keeping the ground water safe.

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